Every construction and landscaping project begins from the ground up. Before pouring any concrete or laying down sod, the existing ground needs to be primed. This is essential to create room for construction and smooth the structure of sloping grounds, creating a canvas to build on. Uneven ground can be exceedingly difficult to work with, not to mention create drainage problems.

Excavation is the first step because it clears space for the project. The main reasons to excavate land are:

  • Prepare the ground for the building for homes, sheds, garages, even swimming pools.
  • Erosion control
  • To control vegetation, or even restore the natural environment.
  • Turn a wooded land area into farmland, pasture, or a garden.

After excavation comes land grading. This is the process of creating an ideal working surface by reshaping and leveling the ground such as making a level or slope base for different construction works such as foundation for a building, base course for railways and roads, for garden and landscape improvements and surface drainage. Natural slopes towards your property can cause damage to the foundation. Because of this, land grading is super important and must be done with precision. 

How To Excavate Land

There are many factors to consider before starting the excavation. It is essential to draw up plans and get the correct permits, to ensure you are not going to cut through any gas lines or water pipes. It’s a good idea to hire land clearing constructors to complete the work.

The excavation job may include the following:

  • Set out the corner benchmarks to define the area
  • Survey the ground and top levels
  • Clear the area of shrubs and trees
  • Excavate to the correct depth, as defined by the building permit
  • Dress the loose soil and make up to the correct level, ensuring sufficient density
  • Remove excess soil from site
  • Construct dewatering wells
  • Make the boundaries of the building
  • Install necessary systems to minimize erosion

In Conclusion

Excavation is way more complex than digging a hole. It involves careful planning, getting the correct permits, digging to accurate depths, leveling ground, moving large quantities of soil, preventing erosion and creating a solid base on which to build the rest of your project. The cost to clear land is different on every property. To ensure you get the best result, hire a contractor to complete the work for you and ask for free estimates to get an idea of the cost.